is a form of agriculture that uses stacked cultivation layers in a factory hall, office or shop or high-rise buildings built in cities, so-called vertical farm towers.
Vertical farm towers increase the food supply in densely populated cities and reduce the ecological footprint of agriculture. In addition to the cultivation of fruit and vegetables, fish and chicken and insects can also be grown.
In the future we will not only have an impending shortage of agricultural land, fresh water and fertilizer phosphorus due to an expected phosphorus peak, but also food to meet the demand of the increasing world population. Existing agricultural land may also become unusable due to climate change. We are looking for the solution in intensive, industrial agriculture that uses genetic technology and more powerful agrochemicals to achieve higher yields.
Professor Dickson Despommier of Columbia University in New York introduced the Vertical Farm Project in 2001. He proposes to install vertical farms on wasteland in cities. He expects that food can be grown here all year round, with less water, waste and fuel. Drip irrigation, aeroculture and hydroponics are required to do home farming. In addition, the cleaned water from wastewater treatment plants in cities can serve. Among other things, fuel is saved on transport because the distance to the consumers in the city is limited.
Production is carried out using the highly efficient vertical farming method. This means that the larvae are grown in vertically stacked layers, minimising the amount of floor space needed and maximising the surface area available for growth. A major advantage of the vertically stacked production method is the ease with which production can be scaled up. The machines used are mobile, making it simple and cost-effective to scale up the entire operation. Farming in vertical racking systems also makes it easy to automate the production process. The end result is a cost-effective and reliable solution for all our customers worldwide.
After nine days, the larvae reach their maximum body size and are separated from the organic waste material that served as their source of nutrients.
Why vertical racks and not trays?